The scientific programme of TRANSPORT 2019 will be operated on the UPHF Mont Houy campus (Valenciennes) by the Laboratory of industrial and Human Automation control, Mechanical engineering and Computer science (LAMIH, the largest training and research centre for ground transportation in France) and the National Engineering School in Computer science, Automatics, Mechanics, Energetics and Electronics (ENSIAME, one of the largest and most internationalised French engineering schools).
As the piloting lab of the Research Federation CNRS TTM (Transports Terrestres Mobilité), the LAMIH research laboratory belongs to several scientific networks in the field of intelligent and sustainable transport. In particular, it has developed strong academic and industrial partnerships worldwide (such as SurferLab, joint laboratory UPHF-Bombardier dedicated to intelligent and sustainable transport development), and offers many PhD theses in collaboration with professionals of the transport industry (Alstom, SNCF, RATP, Valeo, Continental, PSA, Renault, Toyota Motor Europe, Safran and Airbus Helicopters, etc.).
The ENSIAME engineering school offers a high-level training in synergy with industry, transport operators, centres of excellence, and in line with future innovation needs. It has two double degrees with Chinese universities: University of Tongji (Shanghai) and North Eastern University (Shenyang), as well as Brazil: the Department of Aeronautics of the Federal University of Uberlândia the best students being then selected to continue in co-supervised PhD degrees in the LAMIH.
The UPHF has valuable partnerships with the University of Transport and Communications of Hanoi (Vietnam), the University of California Irvine (United States of America), Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT, Russia), the Institute of Automotive Technology, the Technical University of Munich (TUM München, Germany) and Cranfield University Centre for Aeronautics (United Kingdom).
Besides, the city of Valenciennes hosts the headquarters of the European Union Agency for Railways as well as the CERTIFER Group (French company worldwide leader on the market of independent assessment of rail and urban transportation), AIA (the automotive cluster), i-Trans (the world-class competitiveness cluster), AIF (the association of railway industries), IRT Railenium (the institute of technological research Railenium, a railway testing centre) and Transalley (the technopole dedicated to innovative and sustainable mobility, located in the extension of UPHF Mont Houy campus).
Focusing on the fundamental aspects of environment-friendly transport systems, TRANSPORT 2019 will offer top scientific conferences by prominent academic and industrial speakers, lectures, seminars and meetings with leading researchers in the field, scientific and industrial visits, workshops and demonstrations of cutting-edge equipment, as well as an introduction to research through a supervised project. The quality of the work undertaken and your scientific potential will be assessed.
Particular emphasis will be placed on materials, energy, comfort, safety and reliability aspects of propulsion systems. Innovative strategies on the life cycle management of a propulsion system in an eco-design context will be discussed.
Half of the schedule will be devoted to the 60-hour scientific programme taught in English.
18h / LECTURES & SEMINARS
13.5h / WORKSHOPS
6h / ASSESSMENT (examinations)
4.5h / CONFERENCES
10.5h / SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH PROJECT
7.5h / SCIENTIFIC & INDUSTRIAL VISITS
The scientific programme of TRANSPORT 2019 is divided in two parts on the following topics:
1. MATERIALS, ENERGY, COMFORT, SAFETY AND RELIABILITY ASPECTS OF PROPULSION SYSTEMS (land and air transport):
C1: Biosourced Polymers and Short-Fibre Reinforced Thermoplastics for Automotive Applications
C2: Applied Aerodynamics of Road and Aerial Vehicles
C3: Uncertainty-Based Design of Structures and Materials for Transportation
C4: Thermal Comfort, Air Quality in the Transport Industry
2. COMPLETE LIFE CYCLE MANAGEMENT OF A PROPULSION SYSTEM IN AN ECO-DESIGN CONTEXT (using virtual reality techniques):
C5: Virtual Reality and its Applications in the Transport Industry
C6: Eco-Design and Life-Cycle Production in Transportation Systems
In order to strengthen the theoretical knowledge, workshops on practical aspects of transportation will take place in both the LAMIH research laboratory and the ENSIAME engineering school. Including the design of lightweight structures for transportation vehicles by taking into account variability uncertainty analysis, the dynamic characterisation of polymers and composites at high strain rates, the numerical simulation of vehicle crash accident using commercial software Pam-Crash, the experimental methods and tools for aerodynamics and air quality measurements and a virtual reality application for the driving simulation.
Designed to facilitate your admission to Doctoral schools in France, the Scientific Research Project will require personal work. It will include 2 sessions of tutorials and a last session of presentation of the results and discussion with researchers and PhD students from the LAMIH research laboratory.
The research project will involve the analysis of selected scientific papers related to the topics of courses taught including: biosourced polymers, aerodynamics of vehicles, uncertainty analysis, thermal comfort, eco-design in transportation and virtual reality. You will be asked to perform a literature survey on a specific topic, carry out a scientific critical analysis of the methods and tools used, propose alternative methodologies available in the literature.
The final project will be validated after an oral defence in front of the scientific board.
1. SYNTHESIS ON MAJOR ISSUES AND CHALLENGES OF RAIL TRANSPORT.
Mr. Bernard PLAQUIN, Senior European Railway Expert, President of the European Committee for Railway Standardisation AFNOR/BNF, Lille.
2. STATE-OF-THE-ART RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES IN AERONAUTICS AND AIR TRANSPORT.
Dr. Bertrand LANGRAND, Scientific Deputy Director, Department of Materials and Structures, ONERA-The French Aerospace Lab, Lille.
3. SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH CLUSTERS AND ECONOMIC HUBS IN HAUTS-DE-FRANCE (Northern France region). Transverse conference correlated to the domains of France Excellence Summer Schools students and coordinated by competent clusters and hubs.
Visits of high technological and scientific interest will be organised within the programme. You will get to discover the following places:
- MG-VALDUNES, Chinese company listed on the Shanghai and Hong Kong Stock Exchanges, supplier of wheels and axles for railway rolling stock (presentation of the company and tour of the production lines);
- Bombardier (a major player in the French rail industry);
- The LAMIH’s various scientific platforms related to transportation, including the SHERPA driving simulator as part of a partnership with the car manufacturer PSA Peugeot Citroën, the PSCHITT-Rail platform for driving a tramway in virtual environment, the wind tunnel for applied research in aerodynamics of ground transportation, the CRASH platform for testing new materials at high strain rate and crash resistance of structure level.
18 h / LECTURES & SEMINARS
13.5 h / WORKSHOPS
6 h / ASSESSMENT (examinations)
4.5 h / CONFERENCES
10.5 h / SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH PROJECT
7.5 h / SCIENTIFIC & INDUSTRIAL VISITS
Over half of the schedule will be devoted to a 60-hour scientific programme taught in English.
You will be offered top scientific conferences, lectures, seminars and meetings with leading researchers in the field of intelligent and sustainable transport, workshops and demonstrations of cutting-edge equipments, scientific and industrial visits, as well as an introduction to research through a supervised project. The quality of the work undertaken and your scientific potential will be assessed.
The Summer School programme is composed of fundamental technologies related to the field of intelligent and sustainable transport, divided in two parts: 1. materials, energy, comfort, safety and reliability aspects of propulsion systems (land and air transport); 2. the complete life cycle management of a propulsion system in an eco-design context (using virtual reality techniques).
Lectures and seminars: Introduction to Biomechanics in Transportation Safety, Composites and Green Materials, Thermal Comfort – Air Quality, Alternative Fuels for Internal Combustion Engines, Process and Eco-Design in Transportation.
Workshops on design of lightweight structures for transportation as well as on the materials and structural optimisation under multi-physics loadings will be proposed in the ENSIAME engineering school of the University of Valenciennes and Hainaut-Cambrésis.
Visits of high technological interest will be organised within the programme: the various scientific platforms of the LAMIH research laboratory; facilities at VALUTEC C3T technology transfer centre (e.g. various equipment allowing manufacturers to quickly test and validate their innovations, and accelerate their marketing); MG-VALDUNES, Chinese company listed on the Shanghai and Hong Kong Stock Exchanges, supplier of wheels and axles for railway rolling stock (presentation of the company and tour of the production lines).
A conference organised by the LAMIH research laboratory on “Transportation Research” will take place.
Finally, 2018 France Excellence students will be given a transverse conference on scientific research in France.
1. Synthesis on Major Issues and Challenges of Rail Transport,
by Bernard PLAQUIN,
Senior European Railway Expert, President of the European Committee for Railway Standardization AFNOR/BNF, Lille.
2. State-of-the-Art Research and Development Activities in Aeronautics and Air Transport,
by Bertrand LANGRAND,
Scientific Deputy Director, Department of Materials & Structures, ONERA-The French Aerospace Lab, Lille.
3. New trends in Railway Technology Towards Sustainable Transportation,
by Adnane BOUKAMEL,
Scientific Director of the Institute of Railway Technology (IRT), Valenciennes.
4. Transverse Conference on Scientific Research in France.
1) Materials, Comfort, Safety and Reliability Related to the Systems Used in Transport
C1. Biosourced Polymers and Short-Fibre Reinforced Thermoplastics for Automotive Applications
Polymers with or without reinforcement are appealing materials when aiming at reducing vehicle weight thanks to high rigidity/density ratio and easy processing, in particular. A growing proportion of technical parts in cars is therefore made of plastic materials. Nowadays, willingness is to progressively replace petroleum-based materials by biosourced materials, thus raising new challenges to ensure that these new materials have properties that are compatible with automotive requirements in terms of structure integrity. This lecture will first focus on the constitutive and mechanical properties of short-fibre reinforced thermoplastics used in automotive applications. Then, challenges raised by the use of short vegetal fibres instead of more classical mineral fibres (such as glass fibres) will be exposed. Finally, you will be presented with examples of development of biosourced polymers with tuned mechanical and thermal properties for automotive standards.
C2. Pedestrian Safety and Road Restraining Systems
The goal of this lecture is to provide essential design safety techniques for pedestrian and road restraining systems. At first, basic vehicle concepts will be taught. Then we will discuss design evolution of structures to achieve crashworthiness, including different architectures and occupant compartment design. Fundamental concepts of collapse mechanics and crash energy management at the component level will be presented.
You will review the protection benefits provided by restraint devices such as seat belts, air bags and steering columns, by presenting fundamental kinematics and laws of mechanics that can be used to determine occupant motion and associated forces and moments. Also identified are the characteristics of a well-designed restraint device, on the basis of human anatomical and injury considerations. A last section of the lecture concerns biomechanics issues of different human injuries, including head, neck, upper and lower members with discussions of mechanisms and tolerance limits.
C3. Uncertainty-Based Design of Structures and Materials for Transportation
The purpose is to train you with statistical methods to analyse uncertainty propagation in the modelling and design of mechanical structures, so that you can apply these methods to your own models and data. Both material and geometrical parameters will be considered. Attention will also be given to the effects of spatial auto- and cross-correlations on the results of an uncertainty propagation analysis and on methods to determine the relative contribution of individual sources of uncertainty to the accuracy of the final result. Quantification of model parameter uncertainty is covered using Bayesian calibration techniques. You will be explained the methodology through practical application dealing with an automotive brake squeal under uncertainty.
C4. Thermal Comfort, Air Quality in the Transport Industry
Thermal comfort parameters: psychrometric properties, temperature, humidity, specific heat, psychrometric chart, phase transition, air velocity, physical and personal factors, radiative heat, metabolism, activity level, clothing thermal resistance.
Evaluation of thermal comfort: thermo-regulatory system of a human being, comfort equation, heat exchange (radiation, convection, conduction, evaporation, respiration), practical application (PMV: predicted mean vote, PPD: predicted percentage of dissatisfied), comfort diagrams, computer model of human thermoregulation.
Air conditioning and air quality: cooling, heating, ventilation, disinfection of air, air conditioner, refrigeration cycles, efficiency, refrigerants, gas compressor, condenser, evaporator, thermal expansion valve, air conditioning systems for transport, air distribution, air quality, air treatment.
2) Eco-Design and Virtual Reality Techniques for the Complete Life Cycle of Transport Systems
C5. Eco-Design & Life-Cycle Production in Transportation Systems
Different facets of eco-design will be presented to you: from its definition to its normative and prospective articulation in the transportation industry. Eco-design aims to respect the new regulatory constraints introduced in the transport sector. This restriction on the design professions has led many companies to develop eco-design tools in response to the standards imposed by the public authorities, recycling channels to respond to the extended responsibility of the producer, labels allowing the consumer to recognise the efforts that have been made.
You will be presented with new features available in recent CAD softwares, with the various options to simplify lifecycle analysis, eco-design materials and their recycling stream. Throughout the course, you will be asked to take a stand and understand how these questions can feed your practice. New approaches will be discussed considering eco-design as a chance to innovate towards better design by integrating sustainable development, and hence bringing new and collaborative solutions.
C6. Virtual Reality and its Applications in the Transport Industry
This lecture will introduce you to Virtual Reality (VR). The course will start from the basics of VR — its hardware and its history — to different applications of VR in several industrial sectors including transportation (automotive, aeronautical) and the challenges of the medium. You will learn techniques used in VR, with a focus on immersion and 3D interactions. Different notions will be approached as metaphors, different types of interactions (haptics, sound, visual, etc.) or different types of applications. Industrial stakeholders complete the theoretical courses. At the end of this lecture, you should be able to comprehend the environment necessary for a virtual reality application.
C7. Multiphysics Analysis and Design of Structures in Transportation Systems
This lecture aims at providing you with a solid background on principles of multiphysics analysis of structures used in transportation systems and the associated engineering design techniques. You will be exposed the theories and concepts of design and analysis of structures taking into multiphysics loading by means of fluid/structure interactions. Hands-on design skills will be learned through practical problems and a comprehensive design project. New trends in available commercial softwares for the design of structures under multiphysics loading will be shown and discussed. Homework & scientific papers discussions will be held besides lecture.
Designed to facilitate your admission to Doctoral programmes in France, the Scientific Research Project will require personal work. It will include 2 sessions of tutorials and a last session of presentation of the results and discussion with researchers and PhD students from the LAMIH research laboratory. The project will involve analysis of articles on sustainable transport, bibliographical summaries, data analysis from the practical work and final project defense in front of the scientific board.
The Scientific Research Project of Sustainable Transport 2019 will therefore be a springboard for your enrolment in a PhD programme in France in the field of sustainable transport.
The scientific programme of the 2018 France Excellence Summer School “Towards Intelligent & Sustainable Optimisation of Transport Systems” will take place at two different places: at the ENSIAME engineering school of the University of Valenciennes and Hainaut-Cambrésis, which is one of the largest engineering schools operating under an agreement with the French commission of the engineer title, and at the LAMIH research laboratory of the University of Valenciennes and Hainaut-Cambrésis, which is the largest training and research centre for ground transportation in France.
NB: Minor modifications to the scientific programme may occur.
1. Shao-yun Fu, B Lauke, Y.-W. Mai (2009), “Science and Engineering of Short Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites”, 1st Edition, Woodhead Publishing, 364 pages.
2. de Antti Saaksvuori, Anselmi Immonen, (2008), "Product Lifecycle Management", Edition Springer-Verlag, 254 pages.
3. C. Mcmahon, J. Browne, CADCAM: Principles, Practice and Manufacturing Management, Pearson, Prentice Hall, 1998.
4. J. R. Crandall, K. S. Bhalla, N. J. Madeley, "Designing Road Vehicles for Pedestrian Protection", BMJ. 2002, 324(7346): 1145–1148.
5. D.A. Bowman, E. Kruijff, J.J. LaViola, Jr., I. Poupyrev, 3D User Interfaces, Theory and Practice, Addison-Wesley 2005.
6. G. J. Kim, Designing Virtual Reality Systems - The Structured Approach, Springer 2005.
7. Gurav, S.P. (2005), "Uncertainty-Based Design Optimization of Structures with Bounded-But-Unknown Uncertainties", Edition Delft University Press, ISBN:90-407-2617-5.
8. K. M. Stanney (ed.), Handbook of Virtual Environments – Design, Implementation and Applications, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. 2002.
9. J. F. Sigrist (2015), "Fluid–Structure Interaction: An Introduction to Finite Element Coupling", Edition Wiley-Blackwell, 304 pages.
10. Fanger, P.O. (1972), Thermal Comfort: Analysis and Applications in Environmental Engineering. McGraw-Hill (New York).
11. ISO 7730, 1994, Moderate Thermal Environments – Determination of the PMV (Predicted Mean Vote) and PPD (Predicted Percentage of Dissatisfied) Indices and Specification of the Conditions for Thermal Comfort.
12. ASHRAE Standard 55-2004. Thermal Environmental Conditions for Human Occupancy. Atlanta: ASHRAE Inc.